Architectural Science Behind The World’s Fascinating Stadiums

The Melbourne Cricket Ground or “The G”
Apart from being architectural marvels, Stadiums are also a massive source of entertainment, celebration, passion. Ranging from GilliDanda to International Cricket, India is actively involved in a plethora of sports. Stadiums are places for outdoor sports, musical concerts, national events, with spectator seating facility and play a great role in bringing together all types of people irrespective of caste, religion, etc.

Eden Gardens is the largest cricket stadium in Kolkata, India and the second largest in the world with a seating capacity of 66,000. However, Sardar Patel Gujarat Stadium located in Motera, Ahmedabad is currently under renovation and will be re-built with a seating capacity of 1,10,000 people, making it the world’s largest cricket stadium overtaking the Melbourne Cricket Ground which has a seating capacity of 1,00,024 people.

ARCHITECTURAL MARVELS

RUNGRADO 1ST OF MAY STADIUM

Rungrado 1st of May Stadium, North Korea

North Korea’s Rungrado 1st of May Stadium is the world’s largest stadium with a seating capacity of 1,50,000 people and hosts football games as well as the popular North Korean festival – Arirang. It is a gymnastics and artistic festival, known as mass games.

The events conducted here have been identified as the largest in the world by
The Guinness Book of Records.

MELBOURNE CRICKET GROUND

Australia’s MCG, also known as simply “The G”, is the largest cricket stadium in the world and the 10th largest stadium in the world with the tallest sporting lights for any venue with a seating capacity of 1,00,024 people.

The MCG ground was opened to public in the year 1853.

During its history, the ground has made itself resourceful for monumental events like the first game of Rugby union in 1878, the Olympics Games of 1956, Lawn Tennis games hosted by the Melbourne Cricket Club’s Lawn Tennis committee in the year 1878, Rugby league played in 1914, world class football event in the year 2006, and Australia’s first bicycle race was held here in 1869.

VAASTU EYE
A Modern Stadium is defined by its parking facilities, urinals/rest rooms, food courts, equipment rooms.

POSITIVE ENTRANCES TO A STADIUM

All entrances from North East, North West, West and East direction are considered positive from Vaastu viewpoint. Also, they should be high in security and big in size to avoid stampede-like situations. All the players and service entry should be from the South direction while the dignitaries should be seated in either East or West direction. The most important thing is that the total number of gates (entrances and exits) should be an even number, not odd. Any modern stadium should consist of all of these elements to be Vaastu compliant.

NATIONAL STADIUM (TOKYO)

Architect’s Impression of the National Stadium (Tokyo)

Located in Shinjuku, Tokyo, the stadium’s seating capacity is 48,000 and has been a multi-purpose stadium by hosting events like the 1958 Asian games, 1964 Summer Olympics, 1979 FIFA World Youth Championship, 2005-2008 FIFA Club World Cup and the upcoming 2020 Olympics is also going to be held here for which the architect Kengo Kuma has been chosen to replace the original design of the stadium at a cost of ¥149 billion (£1.1 billion).

“This is a rare case in Japan,” Kuma told The Japan Times in an exclusive interview. “Usually in Japanese construction, first you have the plan and then, when that’s finished, you begin construction. This time, the planning team and construction team are both working together from the start with the same goal of not going behind schedule or over the cost. I don’t think there is any precedent in Japanese construction. We are confident that we definitely will not go over the cost or the schedule.”
The structure is expected to be completed by 2020, just in time to host the Olympics Games.

CAMP NOU
Located in Barcelona, Spain, it is the largest stadium not only in Spain but Europe as well, with a seating capacity of 99,354 and is often referred to as “Nou Camp” in English (New Field).

The stadium has been a host to numerous international matches like 1982 FIFA World Cup semi-final match, two UEFA Champions League finals and the football competition at the 1992 Summer Olympics.

Camp Nou, Spain

As the Stadium celebrated 50th anniversary in 2007, the club issued an international tender to remodel the stadium and increase the seating capacity by 13,500 for which the British architect Norman Foster and his company were selected. However, Barcelona’s Board of directors rejected the option of building a new stadium and will instead increase the seating capacity to make it 1,05,000.

Another major factor as per Vaastu is the importance of wind direction and sunlight has to be North-South axis as each game has so much to do with wind and light. In fact, the wind and light conditions, as well as the land texture becomes a deciding factor for the gameor the sports to be played many a times.
ALLIANZ ARENA

Allianz Arena, Germany

A football stadium located in Munich, Germany with a seating capacity of 75,000 which was the only stadium in the world capable of changing exterior colour depending on which team is playing.

It is a home to Bayern Munich and was opened to public in 2005. The stadium is often referred to as “Schlauchboot” which means inflatable boat due to its unique shape.

The stadium has been one of the venues for the Group-A match of the 2006 FIFA World Cup.

VAASTU EYESPECTATOR AREA AND SEATING

The arrangement of the seating can be as per the total capacity planned, revenue it is going to generate, and the safety at the entry/exit points.

From Vaastu perspective, VVIPs and Commentators should be seated on the South of the stadium whereas Utility and Grounds men should be on the West of the stadium. Selling of merchandise should be located on the East side and the North direction should be reserved for brand promotion and public activities like sales office for buying tickets.

SARDAR PATEL STADIUM

Also known as the Motera Stadium, Sardar Patel Gujarat Stadium is home to Gujarat Cricket team and is located in Ahmedabad, India. With a seating capacity of 49,000, it was the largest stadium in the state of Gujarat. It is currently undergoing redevelopment after being completely demolished in October 2015. After expansion, it will be the largest cricket stadium in the world with a seating capacity of 1,10,000.

Sardar Patel Stadium, Ahmedabad

The new stadium will have an improved infrastructure with an increase in the number of air-conditioned boxes and a considerable upgrade in parking facilities. In order to prevent stampede-like situations due to the huge amount of rush stadiums usually experience, the entry and exit processes with be smoothened and emphasis will be given to facilitate guided tours of the cricket museum. Other facilities like eateries, washrooms and fan-zones will be of top notch quality.

WHY CITIES SUBSIDIZE SPORTS?The economic rationale for cities’ willingness to subsidize sports facilities is revealed in the campaign slogan for a new stadium for the San Francisco 49ers: “Build the Stadium — Create the Jobs!” Proponents claim that sports facilities improve the local economy in four ways. First, building the facility creates construction jobs. Second, people who attend games or work for the team generate new spending in the community, expanding local employment. Third, a team attracts tourists and companies to the host city, further increasing local spending and jobs. Finally, all this new spending has a “multiplier effect” as increased local income causes still more new spending and job creation. Advocates argue that new stadiums spur so much economic growth that they are self-financing: subsidies are offset by revenues from ticket taxes, sales taxes on concessions and other spending outside the stadium, and property tax increases arising from the stadium’s economic impact.

Source: www.brookings.edu

VAASTU EYE
Any Sports Stadium should be located in the North West or North East part of the city. They are the ideal directions for them to gain popularity from Vaastu perspective. On top of that, it also helps the city, state, and the country get an equal amount of respect and fame globally.The principle of Vaastu Shastra is that the plot should be rectangular and the stadium to be circular in shape. If the stadium is near any water body or surrounded by mountains/plain plateau, it will gain great respect and prominence at a global level.