Do directions govern an individual? Can they torment him or her? The answer is inconsistent simply because no direction truly directs a person. It is the person who brings sorrow by ignoring the principles of Vaastu or gets happiness by following the tenets of this profound science. Every house has the same eight directions but their effects differ as it depends on their use and management. If every direction is perfectly used and maintained according to Vaastu norms, the structure safeguards the occupants like a mother protecting her child.
In this article, we would learn about the significance of directions. It needs to be remembered at this juncture that all applications of Vaastu take into consideration the energies that are radiated from different directions. It is the postulation of Vaastu that most of your troubles can be traced to the inappropriate directional placement of various elements in a defined space. Besides, all Vaastu prescriptions seek to correct the imbalances caused by this faulty placement.We will also learn about the Vaastu Purusha and the Asthadigpalakas (guardians of the eight directions). It is the Vaastu Purusha on whose body position the optimal directional placement theory of Vaastu rests. Though Vaastu is an ancient science, its awareness has increased since last five decades or even less period of time. Several books have been published on Vaastu.Many symposiums have been held on the subject. More importantly,homes, offices,
hospitals, hotels, industries and other structures are being made or modified as per Vaastu principles.Vaastu Shastra is a seamless corpus of empirical knowledge developed over the ages. It provides the blueprint for a design system for built space and is emphatic about adherence to its principles or the precise placement of various elements in a defined space. It is not a tentative assembly of fragmentary pieces adapting to regional and social set of practitioners of architecture who are concerned with mere orientation principles and spatial organization of the built form.Invariably, this fragmentary aspect of Vaastu is in violation of its proper character and original purpose.The presiding deity of Vaastu is called the Vaastu Purusha. The Vaastu Purusha is responsible for providing the strength and happiness in a defined space.
THE VAASTU PURUSHA
Purusha and his origin. In the Brihat Samitha, the Vaastu Purusha story runs as:
“It is said that some Being obstructed the earth and the sky with its body. The Gods suddenly caught the Being and laid it face down on the ground. Whichever limbs wereheld by different Gods had those very Gods as their presiding deities. The Creator ordered that the Being be the God of the site (or house).”According to the Hindu mythology, many eons ago or more precisely during the Kritayuga, there was a war between the gods and demons.Lord Shiva was engaged in a fight with a ferocious demon Andhaka.
In this fight, drops from Lord Shiva’s perspiration fell on the ground and out of this was born the Vaastu Purusha. He kept growing incessantly, both in length and breadth, and started torturing the gods. The Asthadigpalikas or keepers of the eight directions feared that their very existence was in peril and prayed to the creator, Lord Brahma for getting relief.The benevolent and far-sighted Brahma devised a plan. Accordingly, the Asthadigpalakas — along with some others — attacked the demon from behind, forcibly folded his hands, made him fall down on his knees in a crawling position and finally captured him.
The sky corresponds to the middle of the building and is also known as the Brahmasthana. It is recommended that the middle of the building is built undulated and kept open to the sky. The owners of small sites and homes may not find this feasible; they should locate the centre of the building. It should be built flat — without any ups and downs — and leave this space empty. It is also recommended that no heavy objects be placed here.
VAASTU SHASTRA IS A SEAMLESS CORPUS OF
EMPIRICAL KNOWLEDGE DEVELOPED OVER THE AGES. IT PROVIDES THE BLUEPRINT FOR A DESIGN SYSTEM FOR BUILT SPACE AND IS EMPHATIC ABOUT ADHERENCE TO ITS PRINCIPLES OR THE PRECISE PLACEMENT OF VARIOUS ELEMENTS IN A DEFINED SPACE.
THE 8 DIRECTIONS AND GUARDIANS
The area is divided into eight parts: North, South, East, West, North-East, South-East, South-West and North-West. Each of these directions has a deity or a Digpalak. Thus, the eight deities or Asthadigpalakas are:
THE PROPERTIES OF 8 DIRECTIONS
- The East is presided over by Indra. It is the Pitrusthana. It should have more open space and should be low-lying. This space represents fame and victory. It should not be covered at any cost.
- The South is presided over by Yama. It represents money, agriculture, bliss and peace. The South should have a higher level than the North. It must also have relatively less open space as compared to the North.
- The West is presided over by Varuna. It represents development, longevity and flourishing generations. The West must be at a relatively higher level than the East.
- The North is presided over by Kubera. It is the Matrusthana. It should have more open space as compared to the South.
- The South-East is presided over by Agni. It represents health. It is the ideal direction for cooking.
- The South-West is presided over by Nirrti. It represents character and longevity. Do not leave empty space here.
- The North-West is presided over by Vayu. It represents business, mind and overall happiness. Leave this corner light.
- The North-East is presided over by Isana. It represents the owner, prosperity, health and children. If the North-East is at lower level and has more space, it results in good health, wealth and bright future.
WATER: North-East is the Jalasthana or the place of water. If a well or an underground water-storage facility is built here, the owner of the site will experience happiness and prosperity.
THE PLACE OF 5 ELEMENTS IN VAASTU
EARTH: South-West is to be the hardest part as well as the highest in elevation.
WIND: North-West is the Vayusthana or the place of the wind.
Sky: The sky corresponds to the middle of the building and is also known as the Brahmasthana. It is recommended that the middle of the building is built undulated and kept open to the sky. The owners of small sites and homes may not find this feasible; they should locate the centre of the building. It should be built flat — without any ups and downs — and leave this space empty. It is also recommended that no heavy objects be placed here.
BRAHMASTHANA: It is recommended that the middle of the building is built undulated and kept open to the sky. The owners of small sites and homes may not find this feasible; they should locate the centre of the building. It should be built flat — without any ups and downs — and leave this space empty. It is also recommended that no heavy objects be placed here.
The Vaastu prescriptions about directions, which are suitable for various functions, are by no means uniform though there is a fair degree of agreement as to the main areas such as the kitchen, the Puja room and the master bedroom. It must be borne in mind that Vaastu prescriptions are based on the ‘personality’ and functionality of the digpalakas as mentioned in the Puranas, Epics and Smriti texts. The guardian spirits together represent the space or the universe of which the house is a representation. The lord of the house (Gruha Devata) is guarded by these guardian spirits and it is the raison d’être of Vaastu that these spirits must occupy their proper position in the site-plan.
Personal magnetism is accentuated and revitalized to optimum levels when one is charged with the overall cosmic influence of a building built as per Vaastu norms. Further, if you follow the general principles of Vaastu while constructing your house, industry or complex or while doing the interiors of your residence, office, shop, clinic etc., you can look forward to happier times.