Hyderabad – The City of Pearls

Vedic World, Nov 2017
Charminar – Hyderabad
HISTORY

City which is historically influenced for its monumental architecture, bazaars and mosques holds the captivating influence over the last 400 years. Often referred as ‘City of Pearls’ because of its trading in pearls and diamonds and also its historic traditional bazaar including Laad Bazzar, Begum Bazaar and Sultan Bazaar which has major influence in the city. In 1589, Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah- Ruler of Qutb Shahi named it as “Bhagyanagar” after “Bhagmati” (a local dancer and King’s lover) who later converted to Islam and was titled as “Hyder Mahal”. The city was named in her honour.

Influence of Qutb Shahi and Nizam rule are still visible; Charminar, Golconda fort made in dynasty of Muhammed Quli Qutb Shah – symbolises the great architecture of the rulers.

With the emergence of Industrialization in 20th century, many major Indian manufacturing, research and financial systems were setup and operated. With US$74 billion, Hyderabad is the fourth-largest contributor in India’s overall GDP and third in state’s tax revenue.

In 2014, as a split from Andhra a newly formed state of Telangana was formed and Hyderabad became the joint capital of two states. Later, in March of 2015 Amravati was made capital of Andhra Pradesh and Hyderabad of newly formed state Telangana.

VAASTU EYE
Hyderabad was ruled by Nizams of Medieval India who had the largest and richest kingdoms and dynasties. Their main palace – Falaknuma Palace was in the South West direction of Hyderabad. Ever since the Independence, it has faced some turbulence, and the city got its rights in 1948 where it surrendered its kingdom and royal rulings to the Indian constitution. Hyderabad is known for Osmania university from where Hindu-Islamic architecture spread its wings. Hyderabad is also known for its Police Academy which is positioned at South West and it is the pride of India’s Police Academy. Being one of the finest academies of the world, people from various parts of the country come here for getting trained.

Hyderabadi culture is very strong; however, from Vaastu viewpoint, Hussain Sagar lake being in the centre of Hyderabad, the Secretariat has gone through many changes from Vaastu side. The earlier camp office was not according to Vaastu because during that regime; the state was bifurcated into two divisions. Now, a new Vaastu compliant building has been proposed which hints at a very vibrant future for the city.

The people who are employee sector reside in eastern and northern side while Elite class folks reside in the western part of the city. This is considered as one of the best practices of Vaastu as South and West should be in dominance. For trade and business, South and East directions are more prominent.
The best Vaastu tenants in the city can be clearly seen in this part which ages to late 400 years and persists its charm. However, the shifting of airport in Shamshabad and city’s expansion towards South West slowed down the speed of growth for the city. The city would have expanded very well in the northern, eastern, and south-eastern side.

IMPORTANCE OF VAASTU IN ARCHITECTURE

Vaastu Shastra is an ancient system of organic architecture where the word “Vaastu Shastra” stands for “science of architecture” a conduit between men and nature, build according to the elements nature for a peaceful abode.
Many Hindu temples, monuments are made on the foundation of Vaastu Shastra that reciprocates the ancient traditions and values. Chilkur Balaji temple, Karmanghat temples have used the Hindi architecture of construction.

ARCHITECTURAL HISTORY OF HYDERABAD
Hyderabad is an actual face of civilisation, with the evolution of the city’s architecture. The face of the city has changed into concrete exterior of pavements from bamboo stick building of construction since Mauryan age. Historically known as “Hyderabadi Tehzeeb”it portrays the traditional and cultural lifestyle of Hyderabadi Muslims. A perfect blend of geographic locations and historical dynasties that ruled the cities, under various rulers like Mughals- its decline and under the patronage of Asaf Jah dynasty.

The Deccan Islamic architecture saw the explorations with many western styles, Islamic monuments were built by the blend of Islamic ideals and style with influence of local traditional craftsmanship. The buildings and monuments are often built in Indo-Sarcenic while some are Indo-Persian; The Golconda fort is a fine example of magnificence of the architecture. Many famous monuments like Charminar built by Qutub Shahi dynasty were built using lime and granite mortar, with an import influence from Persia.

The King Muhammed Quli Qutub Shah named the city “Bhagyanagar” after “Bhagmati” (local dancer and King’s love interest), later she was converted into Islam and changed her name into “Hyder-Mahal”. The city was named in her honor. The influence of the past Kings are easily visible like the Nizams and Qutb Shahi. Various monuments like Charminar, Golconda Fort symbolises the great architecture during those times. In 2014, after the slpit and newly formed state of Telangana, Hyderabad served as co-joined capital, later in March 2015, Amravati was Capital of Andhra Pradesh and Hyderabad of Telangana.

If the power of seat would have shifted to Hussain Sagar, there was a chance of creating disturbance in rulership or political power in future. Hence, the seat of power should always be on the eastern side or the western side of the city as it is healthy for both – business as well as sociological point of view. A city is measured by two things – Economic and Social. It is important that the elements within the city should consider these two aspects. The city isn’t very well planned, and one can see the narrow-cut roads and slum spread everywhere. However, as Vaastu components are properly placed, the city is very well known around the globe.